It is possible to have a simple that exists at more than one time.

Four-dimensionalism is true.

So, temporally extended simples are possible. (By 1 and 2)

If four-dimensionalism is true, the time and space are metaphysically very similar.

So, probably, spatially extended simples are possible.

## 3 comments:

1.It is certain without any possibility of error a simple exists.

2.Four-dimensionalism is true.

3.Temporally an extended simple is physically real. (By 1 and 2)

4.If four-dimensionalism is true, time and space are equivalent.

5.So, spatially extended simples exist.

You may take issue with proposition 1. (which is global; conclusion 5 is local)

However, proposition 1 has only two options:

1/ a

simpleis identical with itself.OR

2/ a

simpleis non-identical with itself.In either case a

simpleis a piece ofinformation; hence acertainty.Clearly, a

simpleis non-formal; hence non-intelligible without recourse to thePrinciple of Limitationwhich defines asimple.The inferences cannot be contradicted.

Upon reflection the global

simpleis stronger if it is defined as:A simple is non-identical with itself. A simple is identical with itself.The advantage of using this global structure is that it leads to proposition 5/ straight forwardly:

1/

simple is non-identical with itself-> a zero-solution that does not lead to additional physical phenomenon.2/

simple is identical with itself-> an extremization solution that leads to physical phenomenon.Post a Comment