The following argument is valid:
- (Premise) If there is no person who is causally responsible for an event E, then E is not an injustice, but at most a misfortune.
- (Premise) There have been injustices (think of a child's dying after horrible suffering in an earthquake) for which no person was causally responsible by means of natural causal processes (in the sense of "natural" that naturalists talk about).
- Therefore, some injustices were caused not by means of the natural causal processes of nature. (1 and 2)
- (Premise) If naturalism holds, then all causal processes are the causal processes of nature.
- Naturalism is false. (3 and 4)
The naturalist will likely deny (2). Thus, then naturalist is going to have to be an irrealist about a significant amount of human experience of the world—for people do experience various evils not that are not naturally caused by human beings as injustices.