For any perfection P, there are two fairly natural hypothesis:
- God has P to an infinite, maximal degree (e.g., knows everything, is perfectly just, etc.).
- God has P to zero degree.
But there is an objection to this line of thought. In the case of some perfections, like knowledge, there may be a fairly natural in-between hypothesis, such as:
- God knows all and only necessary truths.
- God knows all and only the truths about the present and anything entailed by them.
Fortunately, there is a response to the objection. While for any particular perfection there may, in addition to zero and infinity, be other natural hypotheses, the only two global hypotheses that are really natural (simple, elegant, etc.) are:
- God has all perfections to infinite degree
- God has all perfections to zero degree.
Another problem for this line of reasoning is that one might think there are conflicts between perfections. I don't think there in the end are such. But if there were, one might have to modify (5) by saying that God has the best combination of the perfections or something like that.