The doctrine of continuous creation is something like this:
- For all x and t, if x is a creature and x exists at t, then x is created or preserved by God at t.
- God causally concurs in every instance of creaturely causation,
- For all x and t, if x is a creature and x exists at t, then either x is created or preserved by God at t or x is created or preserved by a creature at t,
In the literature, (2) is seen as a stronger and more controversial claim than (1), and the above argument vindicates this.
Interestingly, given eternalism, there is an argument—albeit rather handwavy—from (1) to (2).
Start with this observation: Given eternalism, existing in 2014 is rather like existing in Waco. It isn't a case of existence simpliciter, but is simply the possession of a locational property. (Given endurantism, to exist in 2014 is like being wholly present in Waco; given some four-dimensionalist theorys, it's like being partly present in Waco; but on all the theories there is a close analogy.)
Now, according to (1), when x exists at t, God is causally responsible for this. But it is strange and ad hoc given eternalism to think God is causally responsible for temporally locational properties, but not for spatially locational ones, nor for other non-privative properties. So it is very plausible that:
- If God is causally responsible for every case of a creature's possession of temporal location, then God is causally responsible for every case of a creature's possession of a non-privative accidental property.
- Every instance of creaturely causation is the causation of the possession of non-privative accidental properties or the causation of existence.
- If God concurs in every case of the creaturely causation of the possession of non-privative accidental properties, then God concurs in every case of the creaturely causation of existence.
This argument is handwavy, but it does show that it is ad hoc to hold on to (1) but deny (2).