The philosophical tradition contains two conceptions of matter. One kind, associated with Descartes, connects matter with space: matter is what is responsible for spatial properties like extension or location. The other, associated with Aristotle, connects matter with passivity: matter is what makes an entity have a propensity to be the patient of causal influences. The spatial conception of matter has been the more popular one in recent times. But here is a reason not to go for the spatial conception of matter. The concept of materiality seems fairly close to the fundamental level. But it may well turn out--string theory is said to push in that direction--that at the fundamental level there is no such thing as space or time or spacetime. If that is a serious epistemic possibility, it would be good to do more work on the Aristotelian option.